What is Permaculture?
Permaculture is a design science based on observation of the natural world. It exploits and imitates naturally occurring patterns in the landscape and nature, and maximizes functional relationships between elements in a system.
The focus of permaculture is not on each separate element, but rather on the important relationships created among the elements by the way they are placed together. Basically, the whole becomes greater than the sum of its parts.
In short, Permaculture design is the proper placement of interrelated functional elements creating a system that is based on nature and site conditions, essentially, "Eveything in it's right place".
Permaculture designs evolve over time by taking into account these relationships to become extremely complex self maintaining ecological systems that produce a high density of food and materials with minimal input and labor.
Permaculture design at it's core seeks to minimize and recycle waste, reduce human labor and energy input, and to create resilient systems with maximal benefits between design elements to achieve a high level of synergy.
The design principles of permaculture are derived from the science of systems ecology and study of pre-industrial examples of sustainable land use, and draw from several disciplines including organic farming, agroforestry, landscape design, integrated farming, holistic management, sustainable development, and applied ecology.
The Permaculture Ethics are in the center, Earth Care, People Care and Fair Share, and the Principals are as listed.